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Η Πρώτη Οικουμενική Σύνοδος, η Πρώτη Σύνοδος της Νίκαιας

Synodus Prima Oecumenica, Concilium Nicaenum Primum

The First Ecumenical Council, the First Council of Nicea

Первый Вселенский Собор, Первый Никейский Собор

 

The Council of the 318 Church Fathers assembled in Nicea, perhaps from 20 May through 25 August, in the Year of Our Lord 325

 

   
  Visione della croce Vision of the Cross  
  Ἐν Τούτῳ Νίκα – In hoc signo vinces – In this sign you will conquer  
  Visione della Croce – Vision of the Cross  
 
La Visione della Croce, affresco nella Sala di Costantino entro le Stanze di Raffaello del Palazzo Vaticano, 1520-1524 dagli assistenti di Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino, Raffaellino del Colle, Gianfrancesco Penni e Giulio Romano.
 
The Vision of the Cross, fresco in the Hall of Constantine within the Raphael Rooms of the Vatican Palace, 1520-1524 by assistants of Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino, Raffaellino del Colle, Gianfrancesco Penni and Giulio Romano.
 

 

Emperor Saint Constantine the Great - Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus (*27 February 272 – 22 May 337)  
     
  Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus  
     
  This work in the Meteropolitan Musuem of Art in New York is of more than ususal interest, as it is believed to date from the late period of Constantine's life, or in any case from before 370 Anno Domini, so, unlike so many other such works, the sculptor may have seen the Emperor personally, making this a real portrait of his likeness.  

 

 

  Saint Athanasius and Saint Kirill, Patriarchs of Alexandria and Doctors of the Church  
  Ἀθανάσιος Ἀλεξανδρείας – Saint Athanasius – Афанасий Великий, Confessor and Doctor of the Church,
*born c. 296-8; Patriarch of Alexandria from 328; reposed in the Lord 2 May 373†
Κύριλλος Ἀλεξανδρείας – Saint Cyril (Kirill) of Alexandria – Кирилл Александрийский, Doctor of the Church
*born c. 376; Patriarch of Alexandria from 412; reposed in the Lord 27 June 444†
Icon in the Храм Святителей Афанасия и Кирилла, патриархов Александрийских, на Сивцевом Вражке, Moscow
 

 

 

       
  Osius Cordubensis – Osio de Córdoba – Όσιος Κορδούης – Осий Кордубский – Hosius of Cordoba – (* c. 256, Bishop of Córdoba from 295 – Serbia 357 †), preeminent Church leader of his time and the leader of the First Ecumenical Council, the Council of Nicea. Bishop Hosius of Córdoba wrote a letter in 353 to Emperor Constantius II, who, along with two brothers, Constantine II and Constans, succeeded his father, Constantine the Great, on 22 May 337, eventually becoming and reigning as sole Augustus from 350 until his death on 3 November 361. This letter, recall, only 40 years after Constantine the Great's Edict of Milan, protested imperial interference in Church affairs.    

 

 

 

 

  Fresco depicting the First Ecumenical Council in the narthex of the Church of Saint Athanasius the Athonite in the Great Lavra on Holy Mount Athos  
 

Fresco depicting the First Ecumenical Council in the narthex of the Church of Saint Athanasius the Athonite
in the Great Lavra on Holy Mount Athos - Μονή Μεγίστης Λαύρας του Άγιο Όρος Άθως

 

 

 

The Orthodox, or if one will, the Catholic Trinitarian Christology          
             
  ὁμοούσιοςHomoousian          
             
  ὁμός – homós – "same" + οὐσία – Ousia – "being"   (Ousia is sometimes rendered in Latin as substantia or essentia, in English as substance or essence)      

 

           
  Shield of the Trinity in Latin       Shield of the Trinity English  
             

 

 

 

roses and cypress and church   hard to explain
     

 

 

 

in European Christendom Fresco in the Transfiguration of the Savior Cathedral, First Vsyelenskii Sobor   Icon in fresco, written in 17th c., in Успенский Собор
Fresco (1563-1564) in the Transfiguration of the Savior Cathedral (built 1506-1516) within
the Transfiguration of the Savior Monastery (founded XII century) in Yaroslavl –
Спасо-Преображенский Собор (1506-1516 гг.) в Спасо-Преображенском
Монастыре (основан в XII веке) в Ярославле.
 

Icon written in fresco in the 17th century in Успенский Собор –
Cathedral of the Dormition/Assumption, built 1559-1585, in the
Свято-Троицкая Сергиева Лавра в Сергиевом Посаде
Holy Trinity Lavra of Saint Sergius in Sergiev Posad.

 

 

   
  In the central nave of the narthex in the Visoki Dečani Monastery in the Metohija region of Kosovo and Metohija within the pictured ceiling cross vault the First Ecumenical Council  
  In the central nave of the narthex in Манастир Високи Дечани Метохије Косова и Метохије – the Visoki Dečani Monastery in the Metohija region of Kosovo and Metohija, constructed 1327 to 1335 under the direction of a Catholic Franciscan monk from Kotor in Montenegro – Fra Vita фра Вита из Котора. The interior frescos were finished shortly thereafter, around the year 1350 Anno Domini. A glorious tribute to the Orthodox-Catholic Church and to European Christendom. Picture from 28 XII 2012. Within the pictured ceiling cross vault the First Ecumenical Council, the Council of Nicea of 325 Anno Domini is twice depicted. In the wide panel in the lower section of this picture are depicted Emperor Constantine and Four Holy Bishops - Alexander, Patriarch of Alexandria, Sylvester, Pope of Rome, Metrophanes, Patriarch of Constantinople, and Eustathius, Patriarch of Antioch (Цар Константин и четири света архијереја - Александар, патријарх александријски, Силвестер, папа римски, Митрофан, патријарх цариградски, и Јевстатије, патријарх антиохијски). Then to the right in this picture and tilted ninety degrees to the viewer's left, the composition in this panel depicts Orthodox Church Fathers (with haloes) and Heretics (obviously without) (Први васељенски сабор - Правоверни оци и јеретици).  

 

Rise, and have no fear.   This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased; listen to him. the Holy Spirit Man proposes, God disposes