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Санкт-Петербург

Saint Petersburg, or rather still more like the Scandinavian Sankt Petersburg

 

  Krusenstern  
  On the Большая Нева – Bolshaya Neva and no longer far from outlet to the Gulf of Finland – Финский залив – Suomenlahti, at dusk on 5 November 2015. The majestic ship Крузенштерн – Krusenstern, once christened Padua after her construction by Germany in 1926, became WWII war booty, but she was renamed for the Swedish-Baltic-German high seas explorer in Russian Imperial Service, in short, for the Descendant of European Christendom, Adam Johann von Krusenstern – Адам Иоганн фон Крузенштерн, a.k.a., Иван Фёдорович Крузенштерн (* 8./19. November 1770 in Haggud bei Rappel, Estland – in Schloss Ass bei Gilsenhof, Wierland 12./24. August 1846 †).  

 

 

Schroeder/Monighetti monument to Peter the Great in Petrozavodsk  

 

 

 

 

 

Schroeder/Monighetti monument to Peter the Great in Petrozavodsk in Monighetti's park

... though not in Санкт-Петербург – Saint Petersburg but rather in Петрозаводск – Petrozavodsk, founded on Russia's and Europe's second largest lake, Онего / Онежское Озеро – Lake Onega, in 1703 like Saint Petersburg. The sculptor of this monument (1872) was a man named Иван Шредер – Ivan Schröder (1835-1908; family from Königsberg; no Kalinins here), and the architect was a Italian-Swiss-Russian man surnamed Монигетти, Ипполит Антонович – Monighetti, Ippolit Antonovich (1819–1878), all in all how eminently appropriate an adornment for these two cities of Пётр (Великий) I – Peter (the Great) I of Russia (r. 30 May (N.S. 9 June) 1682 to 28 January (N.S. 8 February) 1725).
Бедные, бедные Славянофилы! poor, poor Slavophiles!
   

 

 

    Pierre le Grand monument in Kronstadt by the very French Théodore-Joseph-Napoléon Jacques
    Pierre le Grand monument in Kronstadt by the very French Théodore-Joseph-Napoléon Jacques

 

 

on the Moscow river   Peter the Great in Astrakhan
On the Moscow River.   Astrakhan

 

 

 

Василий Иванович Суриков – Vasily Ivanovich Surikov    
Detail from В.И Суриков – V.I. Surikov (1848-1916), Утро стрелецкой казни – Morning of Streltsy's execution 1881 (depicting executions following the Стрелецкий бунт – Streltsy Uprising of 1698).    

 

 

 

  Rastrelli and Rinaldi and Quarenghi and Rossi  
  The Italian Catholic architects who built Saint Petersburg: Rastrelli and Rinaldi and Quarenghi and Rossi  

 

 

 

   
  General Staff Building – Здание Главного штаба on to Зимний Дворец – The Winter Palace  
  Detail, centurion armor, from the 580 meter bow-shaped General Staff Building – Здание Главного штаба (built 1819-1829 under the direction of Italian Catholic architect Rossi) on Дворцовая площадь – Palace Square, opposite the Зимний Дворец – The Winter Palace.  

 

 

 

  Алексей Петрович Боголюбов Alexey Petrovich Bogolyubov  
  Боголюбов А.П. – A.P. Bogolyubov (1824-1896), Катание на Нева – Sledging on the Neva, 1854 in the Третьяков – Tretyakov  

 

 

  Петропавловский собор – Peter and Paul Cathedral withn the Peter and Paul Fortress – Петропавловская крепость evening moonlight on 27 July 2015  
  Петропавловский собор – Peter and Paul Cathedral withn the Peter and Paul Fortress – Петропавловская крепость, the first citadel and oldest part of Saint Petersburg. The Church is very obviously of western European architectural form, as indeed Church and Fortress are to the designs of Italian-Swiss Catholic (from Astano near Lugano), Domenico Trezzini (c. 1670 – 1734). The style he founded became known as Petrine Baroque. The Cathedral and the Citadel protecting her and Peter the Great's new city were begun in 1703, more specifically on 29 June (10 July N.S.), the Feast Day of Saints Peter and Paul. The Cathedral was largely finished in 1720, though not entirely until 1733 and after the 1725 demise of Peter. She reaches a height of 122.5 meters, though this is due to the spire of Harman van Bolos – Харман ван Болос (1689-1764), Dutch not Italian. The angel and cross at the pinnacle, 3.2 meters high and 250 kilograms, are a symbol of Saint Petersburg.  

 

 

 

   
    The Three Graces by Antonio Canova
    In the Эрмитаж – Hermitage, The Three Graces (or Χάριτες–Charities) Ἀγλαΐα–Aglaea (Splendor), Εὐφροσύνη–Euphrosyne (Joy and Mirth), and Θαλία–Thalia (Abundance) the work of 1812 to 1816 of the great Italian neoclassical sculptor, Antonio Canova (1757-1822)

 

 

 

  in the Church of the Dormition in Saint Petersburg  
  ... в Храме Успения Пресвятой Богородицы в г. Санкт-Петербурге ...in the Church of the Dormition in Saint Petersburg  

 

 

 

   
  Museum of the Arctic and Antarctic in Saint Petersburg  
  Музей Арктики и Антарктики в Санкт-Петербурге –  
    Museum of the Arctic and Antarctic in Saint Petersburg  

 

 

Спас на Крови  
  Собор Воскресения Христова на Крови – Church of the Resurrection of the Savior on Spilled Blood  
  Собор Воскресения Христова на Крови – Church of the Resurrection of the Savior on Spilled Blood  
  Consecrated on 19 August 1907 after twenty-four years of construction begun in 1883, the Church building will remind all onlookers at once of the 350-years older Собор Василия Блаженного – Saint Basil's Cathedral in Moscow. The lead architect, Alfred A. Parland – Альфред А. Парланд (1842 – 1919), was Russian born, the son of the son of Emperor Paul's Scottish Engish-language tudor, as also the son of a German mother.  
  Александр II Николаевич, Император и Самодержец Всероссийский – Alexander II Nikolaevich, Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias  
  was murdered here on 1 (13 N.S.) March 1881, an event which marked a change in history for Russia. When one considers the Bolshevik victory which followed thirty-six years later, the assassination of the Освободитель, of the Tsar-Liberator, liberator of Russia's peasant farmers from Serfdom, must be seen as a watershed event for the world.  
     
  Собор Воскресения Христова на Крови – Church of the Resurrection of the Savior on Spilled Blood  
  Церковь Спаса на Крови – Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood  
  on Канал Грибоедова Kanal Griboyedova, here on 14 July 2011  

 

 

 

"Rise, and have no fear."   "This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased; listen to him." the Holy Spirit Man proposes, God disposes