...Home Page.
  ...Map of European Christendom.
  ...Terra Page Spanish.
  ...About Page Spanish.


República Oriental del Uruguay



  Colonia del Sacramento  
  Colonia del Sacramento  




  nave of the Basilica of the Holy Sacrament   Virgen de los Treinta y Tres Patrona del Uruguay
  In Colonia del Sacramento, the aptly named Basílica del SantŪsimo Sacramento – Basilica of the Holy Sacrament. The present and pictured Church building dates to the 19th century, and the parish, like the town to 1680   Virgen Patrona del Uruguay




  Basilica and palms and cobblestones in Colonia del Sacramento  
  Not so far south as Ushuaia, true, but still Uruguay is Europe — is European Christendom — rebuilt more than 11,000 kilometers
from Rome as the crow, excuse us, as the Arctic tern flies.




a choo choo in Colonia del Sacramento   cars in Colonia del Sacramento




palms and sky in Montevideo   flowers in Colonia del Sacramento
Montevideo   Colonia del Sacramento




scooters in Colonia del Sacramento  




  the Atlantic Ocean
    el Océano Atlántico




  the setting sun for Colonia del Sacramento  
  On 12 April 2013, the setting sun for Colonia del Sacramento, but way over across that little piece of Altantic Ocean, Rio de La Plata, a few minutes of day are left for Buenos Aires and a few more for LujŠn.  





Obelisco a los Constituyentes   flag of uruguay in montevideo

Obelisco a los Constituyentes — Ley, Libertad y Fuerza – "Law", "Liberty" and "Force"

... well, at least it is not the Freemasonic Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité, as it was in France a few decades earlier. By the way, how much Liberty, Equality and especially Fraternity have the Freemasons' machinations and Dechristianization brought the world over these past two centuries?




  Fuente de la Plaza de la Constitución square hammer compase
    and a hammer as camouflage




We must not regard war with a modern Power as a kind of game in which we may take a hand, and with good luck and good management may play adroitly for an evening and come safe home with our winnings. It is not that, and I rejoice that it cannot be that. A European war cannot be anything but a cruel, heart-rending struggle, which, if we are ever to enjoy the bitter fruits of victory, must demand, perhaps for several years, the whole manhood of the nation, the entire suspension of peaceful industries, and the concentrating to one end of every vital energy in the community.

I have frequently been astonished since I have been in this House to hear with what composure and how glibly Members, and even Ministers, talk of a European war. I will not expatiate on the horrors of war, but there has been a great change which the House should not omit to notice. In the former days, when wars arose from individual causes, from the policy of a minister or the passion of a King, when they were fought by small regular armies of professional soldiers, and when their course was retarded by the difficulties of communication and supply, and often suspended by the winter season, it was possible to limit the liabilites of the combatants. But now, when mighty populations are impelled on each other, each individual severally embittered and inflamed, when the resources of science and civilisation sweep away everything that might mitigate their fury, a European war can only end in the ruin of the vanquished and the scarcely less fatal commercial dislocation and exhaustion of the conquerors. Democracy is more vindictive than Cabinets. The wars of peoples will be more terrible than those of kings.

    Winston Churchill in his 13 May 1901 speech to the House of Commons  
  "My God! This is living History .... I would not be out of this glorious delicious war for anything the world could give me."  
    Winston Churchill in 1914 as First Lord of the Admiralty  


Libertad   ley law   Fuerza




  Cruz El barrio montevideano de Tres Cruces  




Greek flag honoring God the Son Christ Jesus   flag of Uruguay and the sun




  Plaza Independencia  
  In the center of the capital city, on the Plaza Independencia, the equestrian statue of Uruguayan national hero José Gervasio Artigas Arnal (* 19 June 1764 – 23 September 1850 †) faces away and toward the Palacio Salvo. Like the Palacio Barolo in Buenos Aires, the Palacio Salvo was designed by Italian architect Mario Palanti. Completed in 1928, the 100-meter-high residential building was for several years the tallest building in South America.  



  Catedral Metropolitana de Montevideo  
  By the trees of Plaza Constitución in the Ciudad Vieja barrio, Catedral Metropolitana de Montevideo, Inmaculada Concepción y San Felipe y Santiago, consecrated in 1804.  



  Catedral Metropolitana de Montevideo  



Catedral Metropolitana de Montevideo, Inmaculada Concepción y San Felipe y Santiago

Cathedral dedicated to Mary Immaculate and to two of the Twelve:

  • Απόστολος Φίλιππος – Philippos – Felipe el Apóstol – Apostle Saint Philip, and
  • Απόστολος, Άγιος Ιάκωβος ο Μικρός ή Ιάκωβος του Αλφαίου – el Apóstol Santiago el Menor – Apostle Saint James, son of Alphaeus, also known as James the Lesser (not to be confused with James son of Zebedee and brother of Apostle Saint John). Apostle Saint Jame the Lesser is mentioned four times in the New Testament (Matthew 10:3, Mark 3:18, Luke 6:12-16 and Acts 1:13).
  Catedral Metropolitana de Montevideo Inmaculada Concepcion y San Felipe y Santiago





Santa Rosa de Lima




  Santa Rosa de Lima – Saint Rose of Lima, T.O.S.D. (* 20 April 1586 – 24 August 1617 †), the first Americas-born, canonized Catholic saint, patroness of the Americas and of indigenous people of the Americas depicted with the Lord and with Estanislao KostkaŚwięty Stanisław Kostka (* 28 Październik 1550 , Rostkowo – Roma, 15 Agosto 1568 †) in the Catedral Metropolitana de Montevideo, Inmaculada Concepción y San Felipe y Santiago.



yerba mate   boleadoras   boleadoras
Yerba mate   ...and boleadoras (sorry, behind glass)




  El Juramento de los Treinta y Tres Orientales 1878 by Juan Manuel Blanes  
  El Juramento de los Treinta y Tres Orientales — though here one speaks of political Subsidiarity and local government, to be celebrated, not Nationalism, to be ridiculed. Local freedom and dignity and independence were sought, and then through vision and courage obtained, from the absurdly conceived and still worsely executed Euro-Afro-Americo empire, to be called The United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves (not to be confused with Brazil proper, then becoming prosperous ). The Oath of the Thirty and Three Oriental (that is, eastern, vis-à-vis the more westernly, that is Occidental, Brazil), by Juan Manuel Blanes (1830 Montevideo – Pisa, Italia 1901), finished in 1878, about a half century after the events depicted, is perhaps Uruguay's most important national painting.  




  al gaucho    






Al gaucho primer elemento de emancipación nacional y de trabajo

  Al gaucho, realizada por el escultor uruguayo José Luis Zorrilla de San Martín entre 1922 y 1927.     Al gaucho, primer elemento de emancipación nacional y de trabajo.
La Patria agradecida.
The gaucho, the first element of national emancipation and work.
The grateful Fatherland.



  Fuente de la Plaza de la Constitución by Italian Juan Ferrari y Catedral Metropolitana de Montevideo  
    Church and State – Iglesia y Estado
Catedral Metropolitana de Montevideo Inmaculada Concepción y San Felipe y Santiago
19 de Abril 1825 Grito de Libertad Dado por los 33 Orientales
Opened on 18 July 1871, Fuente de la Plaza de la Constitución by Italian Juan Ferrari (1836-1918)




  Museo de Bellas Artes Juan Manuel Blanes  
  The new nation's leaders looking and acting awfully European. Painting in Museo de Bellas Artes Juan Manuel Blanes  




tree in Montevideo  










Europe transplanted into south America   sunshine




stairs   Iglésia Sagrado Corazón de Jesus

Iglésia Sagrado Corazón de Jesus – Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus




Plaza Guruyú and Terminal Cuenca del Plata   Hamburg Süd
Plaza Guruyú and Terminal Cuenca del Plata    




    Palacio Legislativo del Uruguay  
... It sure is good we ditched those Europeans ...   Palacio Legislativo del Uruguay, built 1904 - 1925, Italian architects Víctor Meano and Gaetano Moretti (the interior), with many base relief and sculptural details by Uruguayan José Belloni  




Catedral Metropolitana de Montevideo on 13 April 2013   in Montevideo steel glass and airconditioners
    ... well, it has happened to the best of us.



children   children and horse



botanical gardens of Montevideo   and bendy palms



  Iglesia Ortodoxa Griega San Nicolás  
    Iglesia Ortodoxa Griega San Nicolás – Αγίου Νικολάου Ελληνική Ορθόδοξη Εκκλησία στο Μοντεβιδέο – Saint Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church, more European Christendom in Montevideo    



  Armenian Catholic Cathedral of Our Lady of Bzommar  
  Catedral Católica Armenia Nuestra Señora de Bzommar en Montevideo en Uruguay – Armenian Catholic Cathedral of Our Lady of Bzommar  



  Mesrob Mashdots Blas de Sebaste San Pedro  
    Մեսրոպ Մաշտոց – San Mesrop Mashtóts - Mesrob Mashdots (* c. 362, inventer or restorer of the Armenian alphabet – 17 February 440 †) Blas de Sebaste-Սեբաստիա – Saint Blaise – Άγιος Βλάσιος (Bishop of Armenian Sebaste, martyred in 316 †) Apostle Saint Peter - Պետրոս առաքյալ - San Pedro    




    Uruguay - Cristiandad Europea Unida
    Uruguay - United European Christendom